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FOX URO and OURO Codes

Urobilinogen

Urobilinogen comes from the transformation of bilirubin, a product of the breakdown of hemoglobin in the red blood cells. Urobilinogen is normally eliminated in the stool after passing through the liver and gallbladder. However, small quantities of urobilinogen are found in normal urine, where they contribute to the typical yellow colour of the specimen. Two situations can lead to an increase in urobilinogen levels in urine: a liver disease that disturbs the normal passage of urobilinogen through the liver and gallbladder (viral hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, obstruction of the gallbladder by gallstones, etc.), or a urobilinogen overload caused by the release of larger quantities of hemoglobin (destruction of a abnormally high number of red blood cells as in hemolytic anemia, pernicious anemia, etc.).

Term of the Week

Hot zone

A hot zone is a section of a facility (sometimes an entire facility or even a city district) where there is a high risk of contamination by patients with an infectious disease. All individuals entering a hot zone must respect appropriate protective measures. By analogy, “cold zone” and “warm zone” are used to refer to areas where there is no infected individual or only individuals suspected of having an infection.