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SARS stands for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, an acute lung infection caused by a coronavirus that is accompanied by fever, cough, and for many individuals, severe respiratory failure. It was first described in the early 2000s during a coronavirus pandemic (SARS-CoV-1). This pandemic was more alarming than that of COVID-19 because of the high mortality rate associated with the infection (10% of the 438 Canadian cases). SARS-CoV-1 was much less widespread than COVID-19 (fewer than 10,000 people infected globally and 700 deaths).

Term of the Week

Hot zone

A hot zone is a section of a facility (sometimes an entire facility or even a city district) where there is a high risk of contamination by patients with an infectious disease. All individuals entering a hot zone must respect appropriate protective measures. By analogy, “cold zone” and “warm zone” are used to refer to areas where there is no infected individual or only individuals suspected of having an infection.