Skip to contentSkip to navigation
COVID-19: We are open. Some services are modified. Mask is mandatory. Details at

Liver profile

A liver profile (or liver panel) includes tests to detect, diagnose or monitor certain liver diseases such as hepatitis (acute or chronic inflammation of the liver) and/or damages caused by infection or toxins. These tests include elements (AST, ALT) that help determine whether liver cell membranes have been damaged and are releasing intracellular components. Other tests (bilirubin, ALP, GGT) will indicate if bile ducts* are obstructed or inflamed. The albumin level indicates if the liver’s important protein synthesis capacity is compromised. Other tests will be eventually needed to establish probable causes (hepatitis serology, abdominal ultrasound, liver biopsy, etc.).

ALT is the most sensitive marker in determining damage to the integrity of liver cells. A normal ALT level generally eliminates the possibility of liver disease. GGT is the most sensitive marker of even mild damage to bile ducts, although alcohol and numerous drugs may also be involved. ALP and bilirubin are more robust indicators of healthy biliary tract functioning, but other illnesses may also explain a high level of bilirubin (accelerated hemolysis of red blood cells, genetic defects) or ALP (bone disease, pregnancy).

*(small and large ducts that allow bile to flow from the liver cells to the small bowel through the gallbladder) Consult the information regarding each component of the profile:

Term of the Week

Hot zone

A hot zone is a section of a facility (sometimes an entire facility or even a city district) where there is a high risk of contamination by patients with an infectious disease. All individuals entering a hot zone must respect appropriate protective measures. By analogy, “cold zone” and “warm zone” are used to refer to areas where there is no infected individual or only individuals suspected of having an infection.