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Basophilic Granulocyte, Polynuclear Basophil, Basophilic Leukocyte

Basophil Count and Ratio

Basophils make up the smallest fraction of white blood cells circulating in the blood (about 1%). They are associated with allergic response, for example. The analysis tells the number of basophils per litre of blood (basophil #) and the proportion of white blood cells represented by basophils (basophil ratio). Results must be interpreted in light of clinical observations, other results from the current blood count, and variations in results over time.

An increase in the basophil count or ratio (basophilia) is associated with certain rare allergic reactions (bees, food), inflammatory conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, etc.) and some forms of leukemia (chronic myeloid leukemia).

A decrease in the basophil count or ratio is generally of no clinical significance.

Term of the Week


A cyst is an abnormal closed sac (benign tumour) in the body that is generally filled with liquid. Depending on the size of the cyst and the nature of the liquid, a cyst puncture may be indicated.