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Tetanus is an illness characterized by severe muscle contractions caused by the bacteria’s toxin and which can even result in death. It enters the body through a wound (even a minor wound) that is contaminated with soil, saliva, dust or human or animal feces. The risk of infection is higher for injuries that are difficult to clean (e.g. bite wound, nail puncture).

Term of the Week

Hot zone

A hot zone is a section of a facility (sometimes an entire facility or even a city district) where there is a high risk of contamination by patients with an infectious disease. All individuals entering a hot zone must respect appropriate protective measures. By analogy, “cold zone” and “warm zone” are used to refer to areas where there is no infected individual or only individuals suspected of having an infection.