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Urine Creatinine

Creatinine

Creatinine is a normal waste product from muscles. The loss of creatinine in the urine depends on muscle mass and therefore varies very little from day to day. However, it varies from one urination (urine evacuation) to another. Generally, the darker the urine, the more creatinine it contains and vice versa. A urine creatinine measurement taken from a single urination (single urine sample) is used to calculate the excretion of several urinary parameters without having to collect 24-hour urine (sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, protein, microalbumin, etc.).

Creatinine is expressed in millimoles per litre (mmol/L). There are no normal values for this parameter. Results above 5 mmol/L are common in adults and can reach more than 25 mmol/L in highly concentrated urine. Results below 2 mmol/L most often indicate abnormal consumption of large amounts of liquid.

Term of the Week

Hot zone

A hot zone is a section of a facility (sometimes an entire facility or even a city district) where there is a high risk of contamination by patients with an infectious disease. All individuals entering a hot zone must respect appropriate protective measures. By analogy, “cold zone” and “warm zone” are used to refer to areas where there is no infected individual or only individuals suspected of having an infection.