What is sleep apnea?
Aggravating risk factors tied to genetics
Distinguishing genetics from other factors contributing to sleep apnea
Today, researchers believe that heredity is responsible for about 40% of sleep apnea cases. This means that if a close family member has sleep apnea, it increases your chances of developing the disorder by two to four times.
The scientific community is working hard to identify the specific genes involved in the process of developing sleep apnea, but the finish line is not yet in sight. It is an important effort, as it could encourage the development of new preventive methods and care strategies.
While the genetic component underlying obstructive sleep apnea is still somewhat mysterious, the research being conducted today will hopefully shed light on the treatments of tomorrow.
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- Health Canada. (Undated). “What is the Impact of Sleep Apnea on Canadians?” https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/chronic-diseases/sleep-apnea/what-impact-sleep-apnea-on-canadians.html
- CHUM. (Undated). “L’apnée du sommeil.” https://www.chumontreal.qc.ca/sites/default/files/2019-02/207-2-Apnee-du--sommeil_0.pdf
- Mukherjee, S., Saxena, R. and Palmer, L. (November 2017). “The genetics of obstructive sleep apnoea.” https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/resp.13212
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- P. Sleiman and H. Hakonarson. (November 2011). “Genetic Underpinnings of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Are We Making Progress?” https://academic.oup.com/sleep/article/34/11/1449/2454533