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Transmission, symptoms and screening for human papillomavirus (HPV)

How is HPV transmitted?

HPV often has no symptoms. You can be infected without knowing it and pass it on to your sexual partners.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is transmitted from person to person through direct skin-to-skin contact and sexual contact. There are two types:

  • Low-risk, which is limited to genital warts
  • High-risk, which causes 70% of cervical cancers

Most women exposed to HPV will not develop cervical cancer. However, for some people, the infection can gradually turn into cancer if there is no screening and treatment.

What are the symptoms of HPV?

  • Symptoms may appear 2 to 3 months after infection or even years later.
  • HPV is characterized by soft or hard genital warts, which are pink, flesh-coloured, white, brown or grey. They can be similar to ordinary warts or look like cauliflower or rooster crests.
  • For women, these warts are found on the vulva, cervix, vagina and anus, and for men, on or under the foreskin, at the entrance to the urethra, on the penis and around the anus.

How to get tested?

Biron offers screening tests for all STBBIs. Most results are available to you within 24 hours.

For more information
If you have any questions or would like more information, please feel free to contact Biron Customer Service at 1 800-463-7674.