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Transmission, symptoms and screening for syphilis

How is syphilis transmitted?

Syphilis is contracted during sexual intercourse (oral, genital or anal) when there is contact with a contagious lesion or rash. An infected woman could pass it on to her baby during pregnancy or childbirth. It is rarely transmitted through the use of contaminated equipment used to inject drugs.

What are the symptoms of syphilis?

The first symptoms appear 10 days to 3 months after exposure.

Primary stage (3 to 90 days)

  • Swelling or inflammation of the lymph nodes (can take from 1 to 6 weeks to disappear)
  • Appearance of a painless ulcer called a canker (on or around the mouth, genitals or anus) that disappears in 3 to 8 weeks
  • Possibility of transmitting the infection to others even after the canker has disappeared

Secondary stage (2 to 12 weeks, sometimes up to 6 months)

  • Non-itchy rash on the palms of hands, soles of feet or the entire body
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Hair loss

Latent stage

  • No symptoms or reappearance of contagious lesions, but possibility of transmitting the infection to others
  • Latency that can last from 20 to 30 years
  • Untreated infection progresses to the tertiary stage in almost one-third of cases

Tertiary stage

  • Hematological diseases
  • Heart problems
  • Skin, bone and joint damage
  • Neurological problems

How to get tested?

  • Blood test to detect any antibodies

Pour en savoir plus
Si vous avez des questions ou désirez obtenir plus d’information, n’hésitez pas à communiquer avec le service à la clientèle de Biron au 1 800 463-7674.